Malolos, Bulacan – The National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP), in coordination with the Local Government of Malolos and Provincial Government of Bulacan, will conduct a simple program commemorating the 123rd anniversary of the First Philippine Republic on 23 January 2022, 8:00 a.m., at the Museo ng Republika ng 1899, Barasoain Church Historical Landmark, Malolos, Bulacan with the theme, “Unang Republikang Pilipino: Sandigan ng Nagbabagong Panahon.”
Bulacan Governor Daniel R. Fernando will lead the flag raising and wreath-laying ceremony, to be witnessed by Vice Governor Wilhelmino M. Sy-Alvarado, Malolos Mayor Gilbert T. Gatchalian, Malolos Vice Mayor Noel G. Pineda, NHCP OIC-Deputy Executive Director for Administration Rosario V. Sapitan, and Philippine National Police (PNP) PCol Rommel J. Ochave.
The commemorative event will be limited to few attendees as countermeasure to contain the spread of the virus. Everyone is highly encouraged to visit NHCP’s official Facebook and website for other details of the event.
The First Philippine Republic can trace its origins to the Revolution of 1896, under the leadership of the Katipunan of Andres Bonifacio. Due to political differences, two prominent factions arose, the Magdiwang and Magdalo, and to reunify the organization, the Tejeros Convention was formed on 22 March 1897. Bonifacio declared the Tejeros Convention null and void and established a new government. Seen as an act of treason, Bonifacio was tried and killed in Maragondon, Cavite.
Aguinaldo convened a citizen’s assembly to draft a provisional constitution for the Philippines, the Pack of Biak-na-Bato, but never materialized when Aguinaldo entered negotiations with the Spanish government. A revolutionary congress was convened in Malolos, Bulacan on 15 September 1898 and was tasked to draft a constitution for the Philippines. The constitution was formally adopted by the Malolos Congress on 20 January 1899. This led to the Malolos Congress electing Aguinaldo as President of the Philippines and was inaugurated on 23 January 1899, on the same date that the First Philippine Republic was established.
The NHCP is the national government agency mandated to promote and preserve Philippine historical heritage through research and publication, conservation, marking of historic sites and structures, and administration of national shrines and museums.