The Philippine flag was created through the painstaking craftsmanship of Marcela Mariño de Agoncillo. Born on 24 June 1859 to Eugenia Coronel and Francisco Mariño in Taal, Batangas, Marcela studied at the Beaterio de Santa Catalina in Intramuros, Manila. In 1889, she married fellow Batangueño, Felipe Encarnacion Agoncillo.
 
 Felipe was born on 26 May 1859, the third son of Ramon Agoncillo and Gregoria Encarnacion, a prosperous family in Taal, Batangas. He studied at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila for eight years (1866-1874) and moved to the Colegio de San Juan de Letran where he obtained his degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1875. After finishing his law degree at the University of Santo Tomas in 1879, he apprenticed with Don Francisco Godines, a prominent lawyer in Manila, before returning to Taal in 1881. There, he became famous for giving free legal services to the poor and for frequently winning his cases. Felipe was appointed fiscal in the province of Batangas (1885-1890, 1894) and elected as a delegate of the advisory council to the Governor General (1894).
 
 Felipe was accused of being a filibustero, the term applied to an opponent of the church and the Spanish government. In 1896, Felipe escaped to Hong Kong after an order for his arrest and deportation to Sulu was issued by the colonial government. His family followed him into exile and established residence in Hong Kong.
 
 The Agoncillo home became the meeting place of other Filipino expatriates dedicated to the movement for independence from Spain. Among them was Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, exiled to Hong Kong after the signing of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato in December 1897. Felipe and Aguinaldo founded the Hong Kong Junta, which closely monitored political developments in the Philippines.
 
 Learning of Marcela’s skilled needlework, Aguinaldo asked her to make the Philippine flag. Within five days in May 1898, she meticulously sewed the flag using silk cloth. She was helped by her daughter, Lorenza, and Rizal’s niece, Delfina Herbosa de Natividad. Marcela delivered the flag to Aguinaldo before his departure for Manila aboard the USS McCulloch on 17 May 1898. The Philippine flag was unfurled at the Teatro Caviteño in Cavite Nuevo (now Cavite City) to celebrate the revolutionary army’s victory over the Spanish forces at the Battle of Alapan in Imus, Cavite on 28 May 1898.
 
 Marcela supported Felipe while he represented the country as the country’s first diplomat. He worked for the rejection of the Treaty of Paris of 1898, in which Spain transferred control of the Philippines to the United States. He also led the campaign to secure recognition by foreign countries of Philippine independence. When the Agoncillo family returned to the Philippines, Felipe entered public service, while Marcela engaged in charitable activities.
 
 The Marcela and Felipe Agoncillo Museum features seven galleries:
Gallery 1: The Mariño-Agoncillo Home
Gallery 2: Life of Marcela Mariño de Agoncillo
Gallery 3: Memories of the Agoncillo Family
Gallery 4: Life and Career of Felipe Agoncillo
Gallery 5: Symbols of the Nation
Gallery 6: The National Flag of the Philippines
Gallery 7: Philippine Sovereignty
 
 The museum also has other facilities, such as:
  •  Audio-visual room offering a brief documentary about Marcela and Felipe Agoncillo;
  • An e-learning room for online lessons on the history of the Philippines.
 

To arrange a visit to the Marcela and Felipe Agoncillo Museum, please contact:
Museum Curator: Teodoro Derrick Villa
Cellular phone number: +63917-6564170
Email Add: museoninaagoncillo@gmail.com
Open from Tuesday to Sunday, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.