Leon and Galicano Apacible, who hailed from Balayan, Batangas, both aspired to see their country liberated from colonial oppression and able to experience the social and economic progress of a sovereign nation. Devoted to each other, Leon and Galicano joined the struggle for Philippine independence, aware of the difficulties this imposed on them and their families.
 
 Leon was born on 25 October 1861 to Vicente Apacible and Catalina Castillo. He finished law at the University of Santo Tomas in 1886 and was appointed Judge of the Court of First Instance of the town of Batangas. Leon secretly formed a Masonic association in his province and held meetings at his home. Accused of sedition in 1893, he was relieved from his official duties and exiled to Lepanto, Mountain Province.
 
 After returning from exile in December 1897, Leon joined Gen. Miguel Malvar’s forces in Batangas and commanded a regiment, which captured the town of Batangas from Spanish forces the following year. With the establishment of the Revolutionary Government, Leon was appointed Finance Officer of Batangas and representative of Lepanto, Mountain Province to the Malolos Congress. He retired from public life after that and passed away in Taal, Batangas in 1901.
 
 Galicano Apacible was born on 25 June 1864. Fondly called Kanoy, he was the youngest Apacible sibling. He finished his primary education in Balayan at eight years old. Galicano studied medicine at the University of Santo Tomas although he wished to pursue a law degree. Dissatisfied, he decided to continue his medical studies in Spain at the Universidad de Barcelona, where he gained his Licentiate in Medicine and Surgery in November 1889. He pursued his doctorate in Medicine at the Universidad Central de Madrid but was not able to present his dissertation.
 
 While in Spain, Kanoy got involved in Masonic and reformist activities. He served as president of La Solidaridad in December 1888, an organization that published a periodical with the same name to promote progress and liberal ideas, report the problems of the Philippines, especially corruption, and recommend solutions
 
On his return to Manila in October 1892, Galicano was monitored by government agents because of his political activities in Spain and his involvement in Masonry. Such surveillance forced him to escape to Hong Kong, where he became the chairperson of the Comité Central Filipino (established in 1898). As the center of revolutionary activities outside the Philippines, this committee raised funds, sent munitions to the Filipino army, and engaged in diplomacy aimed at securing foreign recognition of Philippine sovereignty. As the senior Filipino diplomat during the war against the United States, Galicano traveled to Great Britain, Canada, and the U.S. and met with groups opposed to the American occupation of the Philippines.
 
Returning to the Philippines in 1903, Galicano resumed his medical profession and joined socio-civic organizations to promote health and wellness among Filipino families. He also served as the Governor of Batangas (1908-1909); Representative of the First District of Batangas in the Philippine Assembly (1910-1916); and Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources (1917-1921). He passed away owing to illness at 85 years old in 1949.
 
 The Leon and Galicano Apacible Museum consists of five galleries:
  • Gallery 1: Batangueños in Revolution
  • Gallery 2: Life of Leon Apacible
  • Gallery 3: The Leon Apacible House
  • Gallery 4: Life of Galicano Apacible
  • Gallery 5: War-time Diplomacy and Public Service
 
 The museum also has other facilities, such as:
  •  Audio-visual room offering a brief documentary about Leon and Galicano Apacible;
  • Stereoscopy corner exhibiting 19th century stereographs of the War against the United States.
Marcela and Felipe Agoncillo Museum
Taal, Batangas
MuseumCcurator: Sylvia Alvarez
Cellular phone number: +639178521652
Email Add: museonileonapacible@gmail.com
Open from Tuesday to Sunday, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.